Hiking, mountain and active tourism guides

To take into account that the legislation in Spain depends on each Autonomous Community.

What are a guide and its functions

A guide is more than an expert in his discipline. It is more than a person with the excellent physical condition and vast technical knowledge. A guide is a risk manager. It is a person who evaluates the risks and dangers of activity before and during it, depending on the group that guides, the weather conditions, the time of the year, the terrain conditions. He is the leader who leads the group and is trained to make decisions clearly and quickly in borderline situations to maintain the safety and integrity of the participants. All this requires previous planning, a previous study, see all the possible variables to leave nothing in the hands of luck.

As you can see, these factors have nothing to do with the technical knowledge of mountaineering, nor with the physical condition. This would be the point that differentiates a guide from, for example, an elite athlete. The athlete does not carry people in charge. (Obviously, technical training and physical condition should already be implicit in the guide figure).


  • Driving individuals or groups through the middle and low mountains
  • Schedule and organize mountaineering and hiking activities
  • Program and carry out the teaching of mountaineering and hiking
  • Manage the safety of people during the development of the movement


The Guide must comply with a series of training requirements to prove their competencies (these are just some of them):

  • Progress safely and effectively on trails, in mid-mountain terrain.
  • Evolve with snowshoes in snowy Nordic terrain.
  • Control the logistics of the activity and ensure the availability of the provision of all necessary services.
  • Organize the practice of mountaineering to achieve the proposed sporting objective, guaranteeing the safety of the practitioners.
  • Prepare and trace the itineraries on the maps and travel the same route on the ground with or without visibility conditions, and regardless of the terrain conditions.
  • Carry out the teaching of mountaineering, using the appropriate equipment and material, demonstrating sports movements and gestures according to a reference model.
  • Evaluate the progression of sports learning, identifying performance errors, their causes, and apply the methods and means necessary for their correction.
  • Access the sources of meteorological information and interpret the data obtained.
  • Anticipate and identify changes in weather in an area by observing local meteors.
  • Predict the evolution of the weather by analyzing a weather map.
  • Foresee the evolution of the terrain according to the atmospheric conditions.
  • Collaborate in the promotion of the cultural heritage of mountain areas and the conservation of wild nature.
  • Identify changes in weather in an area by observing local meteors.
  • Predict whether changes by analyzing a weather map.
  • Detect technical information related to your work, to incorporate techniques and trends, and use the new equipment and materials in the sector.
  • Detect and interpret the technological, organizational, economic, and social changes that affect professional activity.
  • To have a global and integrative vision of the process, including the function of the facilities and equipment, and the technical, pedagogical, organizational, economic, and human dimensions of their work.


Deportivo coach. 

It usually occurs in two years, with the first typical year and the second you specialize (climbing, ravines, middle or high mountains, caving, etc.). It is the best-known degree within the sector, and many times it is believed to be the only one valid (now we will see that it is not so).

Within the Mountain Sports module:

  • Mid Mountain Sports Technician
  • Climbing Sports Technician
  • High Mountain Sports Technician
  • Canyoning Sports Technician

Certificate of professionalism. 

Intensive training of 6 months regulated by the Ministry of Employment. There are not all TD specialties such as climbing, but caving, ravines or half mountains.

Training cycle in Conduction of physical-sports activities in the natural environment. 

This cycle enables you to guide in low and medium mountain environments on foot, on horseback, or by bicycle.

The Royal Decree regulating each of the degrees making them valid throughout the national territory are

  • Sports Technician in Middle Mountain
  • RD 318/2000 of March 3 
  • BOE num 73, of March 25, 2000
  • Cert. The professionalism of Guide for low and medium mountain
  • itineraries RD 611/2013 of August 2 
  • BOE No. 215, of September 7, 2013
  • CF in Conduction of physical-sports activities in the natural environment. 
  • RD 2049/95 
  • BOE No. 39, of February 14, 1996

Requirements to take a hiking group in low and middle mountains

To guide hiking groups in small and medium mountain environments (the central peak covers up to winter environment without having to use mountaineering or climbing techniques) we have these three options:

  • Tec. Dep. In half mountain
  • CP of low and medium mountain itinerary guide
  • CF in Conduction of physical-sports activities in the natural environment.

With these three qualifications, we can guide in ALL Spain.

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